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Huerta & US Involvement
Victoriano Huerta

http://www.emersonkent.com/history_notes/victoriano_huerta.htm

This site does contain important information in regard to Victoriano Huerta; however the written information is not as rich as the photos in this site. The site contains photos of Victoriano Huerta at the time of his power and even before, it is like a time line using photos. These are authentic photos, Huerta is being showed with important and market people of the revolution.


http://www.mexconnect.com/articles/272-usurper-the-dark-shadow-of-victoriano-huerta-1845-1916

This is a very interesting essay written by Jim Tuck, where he informs about the dark side of Huerta that very few people know about. Even thought it can be entirely critical to Huerta, this essay do contain important historical information this it would be of great help for someone that wants to know more about the personal and professional life of Victoriano Huerta. 


http://www.fsmitha.com/h2/ch03mex.htm

This site this summary of the entire Mexican revolution, however there is a good 3 paragraph summary of how was the presidency of Huerta, it’s a good idea to read it, and even more to compare it to other presidents that are too summarized in this site.

http://latinamericanhistory.about.com/od/presidentsofmexico/a/vhuerta.htm

This is a simple and concise, yet very informative, biography of Victoriano Huerta, covering his background as a military officer that was marked by his leadership abilities and ruthlessness. The website explains how these attributes led Huerta into important military posts during the Diaz administration. Furthermore, it covers Huertas rise to power, as well as his defeat in the battle of Zacateas, which was decisive for his fall as ruler of Mexico. The site also analyses the legacy that Victoriano Huerta left in Mexico, including what the Mexican people think of him and explaining that he made many decisions that favored the corruption and absolutisms the Mexican Revolution was trying to fight against.
 

http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9F04E7DB1F39E633A25752C3A9639C946596D6CF
This article is an example of an American opinion, the article by itself is not important however by looking at the other articles in the site we are able to understand what was the us public opinion at the time.

 
http://spiderbites.nytimes.com/free_1914/articles_1914_05_00000.html

This site gives various links to articles from the NY times and other magazines, in order to understand what was the public opinion of the US towards the government of Huerta and also other Mexican governments, it would be a good idea to read some of the articles. 


 http://www.slideshare.net/ccarter333/mexican-revolution-who-is-who

This site is dedicated to knowing the past and the present of each important character of the Mexican revolution. Huerta is part of this list and his affairs in the Mexican Revolution are explained in one detailed paragraph. Madero and Villa.


http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Victoriano_Huerta#encyclopedia

Huerta’s political and military carriers are explained in this web site as well as early life and life after president. Everything is explained with historical facts and opinion of the author. Even though the information seems to be little, it is valuable and information.

 

Books related to Vicotriano Huerta and his achievements in regard to the Mexican evolution:

 

1.    Mexican Revolution: Porfirio Díaz, Francisco I. Madero, Victoriano Huerta, Decena tragic, Francisco "Pancho" Villa (Paperback)-

a.     This book even thought is dedicated to the entire Mexican revolution it does dedicate lots of pages to inform about Huerta’s government.

2.    Huerta (Hardcover)-

a.    This book is dedicated to Huerta’s achievements in life and his accomplishments before, during and after his presidency, written by Michael Carl Meyer, he tries to give accurate and new information in regard to Huerta and the Mexican Revolution.


Victoriano Huerta

Victoriano Huerta (1850-1916) was a Mexican general who became ruler of Mexico from February, 1913, to July of 1914. Huerta was born in the state of Jalisco and joined the military in his teenage years. His leadership skills and ruthlessness were attributes that distinguished him in the armed forces in Mexico. Huerta became a favorite of Dictator Diaz because of his characteristics and was promptly promoted to the post of General. Porfirio Diaz put Huerta to fight off the Indian uprisings in Mexico, task with which the general was successful. One example was the campaign against the Maya, in which Huerta destroyed the Mayan villages and burned their crops.  

 

When revolution began in 1910, after the elections in which Francisco Madero ran against Porfirio Diaz – Diaz actually demanded the imprisonment of Madero before the elections, guaranteeing his victory and discarding the democratic process -, violence broke out and rebels such as Pascual Orozco, Emiliano Zapata and Pancho Villa followed Madero’s revolutionary cause. Federal forces were attacked, trains were destroyed and cities were captured. General Huerta was one of the military leaders Diaz most respected, he was sent to fight of the revolutionary battalion led by Emiliano Zapata in Cuernavaca. The Diaz regime was being attacked from all sides and was not strong enough to fight off the revolutionaries, so Porfirio Diaz was force to resing and go into exile.

 

Huerta then began fighting in Madero’s army (1911-1912), even though he was disappointed with Diaz’s fall. Madero’s administration, in the beginning, was very calm and there was no violence. However, when the revolutionaries realized that Madero wouldn’t follow the revolution principals and wouldn’t keep his promises, Zapata and Orozco began to fight against him. Huerta was then called upon by Madero to fight Zapata’s and Orozco`s army.   

 

In the year of 1912, the nephew of Porfirio Diaz, Felix Diaz, declared himself the leader in Veracruz. Although he was defeated and imprisoned, he entered in a conspiracy with US Embassador Henry Lane Wilson and Victoriano Huerta to take Madero out of power. Fighting broke out in Mexico City in February 1913, and Felix Diaz was freed from prison. When fighting began to intensify in Mexico City, Madero hid in the national palace and accepted Huertas protection. However, Huerta was planning this with Diaz in the conspiracy, so he used this opportunity to arrest Madero and make him sign a document in which Huerta was nominated Madero’s successor. In February 21st, Madero and the former vice-president were killed and most believe that Huerta ordered their assassination.

 

Huerta made himself dictator of Mexico and although Pascual Orozco supported the federalist forces, all the other influential revolutionaries went against Huerta. Carranza, Obregon, Villa and Zapata didn’t agree with each other in many aspects, but they all hated Huerta. All the aforementioned revolutionaries began to attack the federalists from all fronts. They didn’t coordinate their attacks, but the belief that Huerta was the last man that could be ruling Mexico at this point was what united their forces. Even president Woodrow Wilson, sensing that Huertas rule was unstable, sense forces to occupy the port of Veracruz. This tension culminated to the Battle of Zacateas in June, 1914, in which Pancho Villa attacked the federalists, forcing them to flee. However, Panchos army extended itself thorough the escape route and massacred the federalists. This battle caused the fall of Huerta, who resigned and left for exile (into Spain, England and US). Huerta tried to return to Mexico but none of his attempts were successful. Huerta died in prison in January, 1916, of cirrhosis.


US involvement

http://www.angelfire.com/rebellion2/projectmexico/2.html

This web site is divided into 3 topics, Political, Military and Economic. Each one related to the topic of the US involvement in Mexico during the period of the Mexican revolution.  The Economic is divided into what the US interest was with Mexico, the Military is related to the government of Diaz and all the trouble he caused to US interests. Finally the Political part is related to President Wilson’s intensions in relation to Mexico. 
 

http://www.latinamericanstudies.org/mexico-us-rev.htm

Political Cartoons as well as photos are important to understand how as the climate of the Mexican Revolution. This is what this site explores photos and cartoons, it also choose cartoons related to other topics of the Mexican Revolution. 

 
http://www.answers.com/topic/u-s-military-involvement-in-the-mexican-revolution#

This web site is dedicated to the US involvement however in a military way, discussing what where the reasons that made the US invade Mexico, all the ways that the US did involve itself with Mexico in a militarily way. It has important data information and useful names.


http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/United_States_involvement_in_the_Mexican_Revolution
The web site above is one of the besting regard to information, it is divided into sections with diplomatic intervention and militarily. The web site has important dates explained as well as important characters defined. Everything is well explained with a few pictures related to the topic.

 
http://jeff.scott.tripod.com/revolution.html

This web site is a good link to other web sites, it can be as your base site. Everything is linked to this site: Brief History/Books/Manuscripts/Photographs/Articles/Chronology. Everything is well explained and informed.


http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1O126-MxcnRvltnSMltrynvlvmntnth.html

A good resume of what was the US involvement in México. With important information given, like military and economic. However what is important about this site is that it gives the bibliography of the information. By looking at the bibliography were able to know where the information came from.


http://beinecke.library.yale.edu/digitallibrary/mexican.html

This site is dedicated to show a book that contains over 300 photos taken thought-out the Mexican revolution. “Images include United States artillery, cavalry, and infantry, and Mexican federal and revolutionary soldiers, as well as individuals in military camps, refugee camps, and prisoner of war camps. Other images include battlefields and city streets under siege, views of towns, and depictions of vehicles, such as trucks, trains, and an airplane”.